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Table 3 Comparison of individual and domain neuropsychology test scores from the comprehensive battery between groups

From: Neuropsychological patterns in systemic lupus erythematosus patients with depression

Variable Depressed-SLE patients (1)a Depressed-Controls (2)a Healthy Controls (3)a P value Post hoc analyses
Intelligence 45.5 ± 9.4 49.8 ± 6.9 51.5 ± 6.8 0.084  
   WAIS-R Verbal IQ 47.2 ± 10.6 48.0 ± 8.1 49.8 ± 7.7 0.645  
   WAIS-R Performance IQ 43.9 ± 10.3 51.5 ± 9.1 53.2 ± 7.7 0.012 1 < 3
Reasoning 45.7 ± 11.0 47.0 ± 5.6 55.7 ± 6.2 <0.001 1, 2 < 3
   WAIS-R Similarities 51.2 ± 9.6 48.6 ± 7.3 51.4 ± 9.6 0.703  
   Category Test 46.8 ± 17.3 44.2 ± 6.6 52.2 ± 9.3 0.141  
   Trail Making Test-Part A 42.1 ± 13.0 48.2 ± 9.7 61.2 ± 9.5 <0.0001 1, 2 < 3
Attention 41.8 ± 7.2 44.5 ± 5.4 50.0 ± 6.9 0.002 1 < 3
   Digit Vigilance Test-Time 44.7 ± 14.2 54.8 ± 11.9 54.8 ± 11.6 0.051  
   Digit Vigilance Test-Errors 48.0 ± 11.9 38.1 ± 13.2 48.1 ± 12.0 0.085  
   PASAT total 32.7 ± 15.7 41.7 ± 10.2 47.2 ± 9.0 0.002 1 < 3
Learning 42.0 ± 7.3 47.2 ± 6.6 47.5 ± 7.9 0.096  
   Figure learning 41.5 ± 8.2 47.7 ± 10.3 46.7 ± 13.7 0.354  
   Story learning 35.8 ± 6.8 47.6 ± 9.5 45.2 ± 9.2 0.003 1 < 3; 1 < 2
Recall 44.1 ± 7.6 49.1 ± 7.3 51.3 ± 7.2 0.021 1< 3
   Figure recall 48.8 ± 9.6 49.1 ± 9.3 53.8 ± 6.4 0. 120  
   Story recall 39.3 ± 12.4 49.0 ± 9.2 48.9 ± 10.1 0.028 1< 2, 3
Fluency 49.5 ± 7.4 47.7 ± 4.1 48.2 ± 6.5 0.775  
   Figural fluency 47.4 ± 10.4 44.9 ± 13.2 47.3 ± 8.8 0.814  
Language 46.9 ± 6.3 51.2 ± 9.0 48.4 ± 7.0 0.378  
   Oral-verbal comprehension 46.1 ± 9.3 51.2 ± 7.7 47.5 ± 7.9 0.327  
   Written comprehension 47.8 ± 11.9 51.2 ± 13.6 49.4 ± 11.4 0.793  
Perception 43.6 ± 11.5 52.8 ± 9.2 52.6 ± 7.4 0.017 1 < 3
   WAIS-R Block design 45.5 ± 11.7 51.0 ± 10.5 56.2 ± 10.2 0.018 1 < 3
   WAIS-R Object assembly 41.7 ± 12.3 54.5 ± 10.7 48.9 ± 7.6 0.011 1<2
  1. aData are presented as mean ± standard deviation. Depressed-Controls: control subjects with only a history or presence of major depressive disorder; Depressed-SLE: patients with a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus and the presence of major depressive disorder; Figural fluency: Ruff Figural Fluency Test; Figure learning: Learning component of Figure Memory Test; Figure recall: Delayed component of Figure Memory Test; IQ: Intelligence Quotient; Letter fluency: Controlled Oral Word Association Test; Oral-verbal comprehension: Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination-Complex Ideational Material Test; PASAT: Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test; Story learning: Learning component of Story Memory Test; Story recall: Delayed component of Story Memory Test; WAIS-R: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised; Written comprehension: Peabody Individual Achievement Test reading recognition test.