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Table 10 Guideline recommendations for passive treatments

From: A critical appraisal of guidelines for the management of knee osteoarthritis using Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation criteria

  Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement [9]
Cold/heat Recommended
Compression/elevation Recommended
Massage Recommended if heat/cold and medications are contraindicated or not effective
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) Recommended if heat/cold and medications are contraindicated or not effective
Acupuncture Recommended if heat/cold and medications are contraindicated or not effective