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Table 5 Guideline recommendations for exercises

From: A critical appraisal of guidelines for the management of knee osteoarthritis using Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation criteria

  Ottawa Panel [11] AAOS [10] EULAR [6] ICSI [9] Schnitzer/ACR [7]
Exercises    Recommended (A)   
Lower limb strengthening exercises Recommended (A, C+ or C depending on type and outcome) Recommended (A)   Recommended (1) Recommended
Walking Recommended (A, C+ or C depending on outcome)    Recommended (1)  
Whole-body exercises or physical activity Recommended (A or C depending on outcome)    Recommended (1)  
Jogging in water Recommended (A or C depending on outcome)     
Combined lower limb strengthening, flexibility and mobility exercises Recommended (A or C depending on outcome)     
Aerobic exercises   Recommended (A)   Recommended (1) Recommended
Lower limb range of motion or mobility or flexibility exercises   Recommended (A)   Recommended (1) Recommended
Manual therapy with exercises Recommended (A or C depending on outcome)     
  1. AAOS, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; ACR, American College of Rheumatology; EULAR, European League Against Rheumatism; ICSI, Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement.