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Table 2 Cardiovascular morbidity and risk factors in the QUEST-RA study by gender

From: Cardiovascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: results from the QUEST-RA study

  Male Female
  Mean/% 95% CI Mean/% 95% CI
Myocardial infarctiona 8 6–10 2 1–2
Strokeb 3 2–4 2 1–2
Cardiovascular (all)a,c 16 14–18 7 7–8
Age in yearsa 58.9 58.1–59.7 56.3 55.8–56.7
Disease duration in yearsa 8.8 8.2–9.4 10.0 9.7–10.3
Rheumatoid factor-positive 74 71–76 72 70–73
Hypertension 31 28–34 32 31–34
Hyperlipidemia 13 11–16 14 13–15
Diabetes mellitusb 10 8–12 7 6–8
Smoking evera 68 65–71 37 35–38
Smoking nowa 26 23–29 15 14–17
Body mass index ≥30a 13 11–15 19 18–20
Physical inactivityd 68 65–71 73 72–75
  1. aP < 0.001. bP < 0.05. cMyocardial infarct, angina, coronary heart disease, bypass, or stroke. dP < 0.01. CI, confidence interval; QUEST-RA, Questionnaires in Standard Monitoring of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.