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Table 1 Patient characteristics for the two diet groups at baseline

From: Gluten-free vegan diet induces decreased LDL and oxidized LDL levels and raised atheroprotective natural antibodies against phosphorylcholine in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized study

  Vegan diet n = 30 Non-vegan diet n = 28 P value
Patients, female/male, n 28/2 24/4  
Age in years, mean (CI) 49.9 (46.6–53.3) 50.8 (46.2–55.5) 0.75
Disease duration in years, mean (CI) 5.0 (4.1–6.0) 5.8 (4.7–6.9) 0.31
Rheumatoid factor-positive, n (%) 25 (83) 21 (75)  
Body mass index, kg/m2, mean (CI) 24.1 (22.3–25.9) 23.8 (21.6–26.0) 0.81
Weight, kg, mean (CI) 66.4 (61.7–71,1) 67.9 (61.9–73.7) 0.70
DAS28, mean (CI) 5.3 (5.0–5.7) 5.3 (4.9–5.6) 0.80
HAQ score, mean (CI) 1.4 (1.2–1.5) 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 0.44
Patients on DMARDs, n (%) 26 (87) 26 (93)  
Patients on glucocorticoids, n (%) 18 (60) 9 (32)  
Patients on NSAIDs, n (%) 24 (80) 24 (86)  
  1. P values are difference between groups. CI, confidence interval; DAS28, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints; DMARD, disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug; HAQ, Health Assessment Questionnaire; NSAID, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug.