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Table 4 Adjusted* association between type of arthritis and receipt of preventive services, referent to osteoarthritis patients

From: The delivery of evidence-based preventive care for older Americans with arthritis

Outcome variable Rheumatoid arthritis
OR (95% CI)
Psoriatic arthritis
OR (95% CI)
DXA 1.66(1.55, 1.77) 1.55(1.19, 2.02)
Vaccination   
   Influenza** 1.02(0.97, 1.07) 0.88(0.72, 1.07)
   Pneumococcal Vaccine 1.11(1.05, 1.19) 1.04(0.82, 1.32)
Cholesterol lab testing 0.56(0.52, 0.61) 0.79(0.53, 1.18)
Cancer Screening Tests   
   Mammography (Women Only)** 0.65 (0.60, 0.69) 0.81(0.59, 1.1)
   Colonoscopy 0.83 (0.78, 0.88) 0.90(0.7, 1.16)
  1. CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.
  2. Results in each column are referent to patients with osteoarthritis. Each row represents a unique model.
  3. * adjusted for demographic variables (age, gender, race, geographic region, median household income, rural/urban), predisposing conditions (AMI, CHF, peripheral vascular disease, cardiovascular disease, dementia, COPD, peptic ulcer disease, diabetes with and without complications, paraplegia, chronic kidney disease, cancer, severe liver disease, Alzheimers, hypertension, osteopenia, osteoporosis), prior history of fractures (hip, ankle, clavicle, distal radius/ulna, other radius/ulna, carpal bone, spine, tibia-fibula, humerus, femur, pelvis), health services utilization (hospital days, number of physician visits, days in long term care, physician specialty)
  4. ** odds ratios obtained using ordinal logistic regression, grouped as (0, 1, >/= 2) for mammography tests, and (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) for number of annual influenza vaccination