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Table 2 Renal toxicities of drugs commonly used by rheumatologists

From: Renal co-morbidity in patients with rheumatic diseases

Renal manifestation Drug
Acute renal failure NSAIDs, cyclosporine overdose, biphosphonates
Chronic renal failure NSAIDs, cyclosporine overdose
Proteinuria/nephrotic syndrome NSAIDs, gold
Sodium retention/edema/hypertension NSAIDs
Arterial hypertension Leflunomide, cyclosporine
  1. NSAID, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.