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Table 3 Hazard ratio of developing hyperuricemia* in African-Americans compared to whites, stratified by sex

From: Association between being African-American, serum urate levels and the risk of developing hyperuricemia: findings from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults cohort

  Men Women
  Hazard ratio 95% Confidence interval Hazard ratio 95% confidence interval
Age-adjusted 0.87 0.73 to 1.04 2.79 2.02 to 3.86
Model 1 † 1.14 0.95 to 1.36 2.36 1.67 to 3.35
Model 2 ‡ 0.94 0.75 to 1.17 1.92 1.23 to 3.00
Model 3 § Not applicable 1.94 1.14 to 3.29
Model 4 || 1.12 0.88 to 1.40 2.31 1.34 to 3.99
  1. *Defined as the finding of a serum urate of 6.8 mg/deciliter or higher at any follow-up visit (years 10, 15, or 20). † Adjusted for age at enrollment, baseline body-mass index, glomerular filtration rate, presence of hypertension, use of diuretics, and use of other antihypertensive medication. ‡ Adjusted for variables described for model 1 plus baseline intakes of beer, wine, liquor, meat, seafood, dairy, total protein. § Adjusted for variables described in model 2 plus onset of menopause by then end of follow-up. || Adjusted for variable described in model 2 (men) and model 3 (women) plus baseline serum urate levels