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Table 1 Baseline gout risk factors by baseline anemia status in the ARIC study.

From: Anemia and the onset of gout in a population-based cohort of adults: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study

  No anemia Anemia
Baseline gout risk factors N = 9,707 N = 1,084
Male sex, n (%) 4,315 (44) 364 (34)**
Mean age, years (SD) 53.9 (56) 53.1 (6)**
African American race, n (%) 1,738 (18) 549 (51)**
Hypertension, n (%) 2,878 (30) 344 (32)
Diuretic use, n (%) 1,478 (15) 160 (15)
Diabetes, n (%) 834 (9) 94 (9)
Coronary heart disease, n (%) 304 (3) 37 (3)
Congestive heart failure, n (%) 209 (2) 30 (3)
Mean BMI, kg/m2, (SD) 27.4 (5) 27.5 (6)
Mean ethanol intake, grams/week, (SD) 41.9 (90) 25.9 (62)**
eGFR, n (%)   
<60 ml/min/1.73m2 186 (2) 28 (3)
60 to 90 ml/min/1.73m2 4,140 (43) 337 (31)
≥90 ml/min/1.73m2 5,381 (55) 719 (66)**
Education level, n (%)   
<12 years 1,755 (18) 274 (25)
12 to 16 years 4,162 (43) 418 (39)
17 to 21 years 3,781 (39) 388 (36)**
Mean serum uric acid, mg/dL (SD) 5.9 (2) 5.7 (2)**
Incident gout, n (%) 224 (2.3) 47 (4.3)**
  1. * P-value <0.05 ; ** P-value <0.001 comparing anemia to no anemia. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin <13.5 g/dL for men and <12 g/dL for women.