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Table 1 Patient characteristics (number of patients = 946)

From: Association between alcohol consumption and symptom severity and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia

Characteristic Alcohol consumption levela P-value
  None
(n= 546)
Low
(n= 338)
Moderate
(n= 31)
Heavy
(n= 31)
 
Female, n (%) 517 (94.7) 318 (94.1) 28 (90.3) 30 (96.8) 0.69
Age, y, mean (SD) 49 (13.1) 48 (12.0) 52 (12.3) 52 (14.3) 0.08
Race/ethnicity, n (%)      0.50
   White 536 (98.2) 335 (99.1) 31 (100) 30 (96.8)  
   Nonwhite 10 (1.8) 3 (0.9) 0 (0) 1 (3.2)  
Abuse history, n/total (%) 155/537 (28.9) 108/334 (32.3) 9 (29.0) 12 (38.7) 0.53
Current tobacco user, n/total (%) 80/543 (14.7) 45 (13.3) 7 (22.6) 5 (16.1) 0.55
Marital status, n (%)      0.90
   Married 421 (77.1) 252 (74.6) 22 (71.0) 23 (74.2)  
   Unmarried 114 (20.9) 78 (23.1) 8 (25.8) 8 (25.8)  
   Widowed 11 (2.0) 8 (2.4) 1 (3.2) 0 (0)  
Employment status, n (%)      <0.001
   Employed 255 (46.7) 213 (63.0) 20 (64.5) 14 (45.2)  
   Homemaker 56 (10.3) 19 (5.6) 2 (6.5) 5 (16.1)  
   Retired 70 (12.8) 33 (9.8) 5 (16.1) 6 (19.4)  
   Unemployed 165 (30.2) 73 (21.6) 4 (12.9) 6 (19.4)  
Education level, n/total (%)      0.009
   <12th grade 24/538 (4.5) 6/334 (1.8) 1 (3.2) 2/30 (6.7)  
   High school 188/538 (34.9) 89/334 (26.7) 9 (29.0) 7/30 (23.3)  
   Some college or technical college 171/538 (31.8) 110/334 (32.9) 5 (16.1) 10/30 (33.3)  
   College, graduate school 155/538 (28.8) 129/334 (38.6) 16 (51.6) 11/30 (36.7)  
Body mass index, kg/m2, mean (SD) 30.5 (7.4) 29.2 (7.2) 27.4 (6.0) 27.0 (4.3) 0.002
Opioid use, n/total (%) 155/545 (28.4) 67 (19.8) 2 (6.45) 6 (19.35) 0.002
Benzodiazepine use, n/total (%) 120/545 (22.0) 61 (18.1) 4 (12.9) 9 (29.0) 0.21
Alcoholic drinks consumed per week, mean number (SD) ... 0.5 (0.7) 5.8 (1.2) 14.8 (8.5) ...
  1. aAlcohol consumption levels were defined as follows: none, 0 drinks/wk; low, ≤3 drinks/wk; moderate, >3 to 7 drinks/wk; heavy, >7 drinks/wk. n, number of patients.