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Table 3 Subgroup analysis of intima-media thickening and atherosclerotic plaques in systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus patients with cardiovascular disease

From: Atherosclerotic plaques occur in absence of intima-media thickening in both systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus: a duplexsonography study of carotid and femoral arteries and follow-up for cardiovascular events

Subgroup of SSc and SLE patients with cardiovascular disease Pathologic IMT (any definition) Atherosclerotic plaque
Carotid and/or femoral artery plaque Only carotid artery plaque Only femoral artery plaque Coexistent carotid and femoral artery plaque
SSc patients with Arterial hypertension (n = 45) 16 (35.6%) 38 (84.4%) 7 (15.6%) 5 (11.1%) 26 (57.8%)
Pulmonary hypertension (n = 17) 6 (35.3%) 15 (88.2%) 0 (0%) 2 (11.8%) 13 (76.5%)
Coronary heart disease (n = 10) 2 (20%) 8 (80%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 8 (80%)
Peripheral artery vessel disease (n = 5) 2 (40%) 4 (80%) 1 (20%) 1 (20%) 2 (40%)
SLE patients with Arterial hypertension (n = 56) 15 (26.8%) 39 (69.6%) 10 (17.9%) 9 (16.1%) 20 (35.7%)
Pulmonary hypertension (n = 3) 1 (33.3%) 3 (100%) 1 (33.3%) 1 (33.3%) 1 (33.3%)
Coronary heart disease (n = 9) 5 (55.6%) 9 (100%) 1 (11.1%) 0 (0%) 8 (88.9%)
Peripheral artery vessel disease (n = 2) 1 (50%) 2 (100%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 2 (100%)
  1. Values presented as number (percentage) of patients with pathologic intima-media thickness and carotid or femoral artery plaque.
  2. IMT, intima-media thickness; SLE, systemic lupus erythematosus; SSc, systemic sclerosis.