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Table 1 Profiles of the patients studied

From: Blood-brain barrier damages and intrathecal synthesis of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor NR2 antibodies in diffuse psychiatric/neuropsychological syndromes in systemic lupus erythematosus

Diagnosis Patients (number) Gender Age
(male/female) (mean ± SD)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) 81   
Diffuse neuropsychiatric-SLE 55 6/49 37.0 ± 14.2
Acute confusional state 23   
Anxiety disorder 3   
Cognitive dysfunction 8*   
Mood disorder 13   
Psychosis 8   
Focal neuropsychiatric-SLE 26 4/22 41.4 ± 15.1
Cerebrovascular disease 11   
Demyelinating syndrome 1   
Headache 3   
Movement disorder 2   
Seizure disorder 8   
Polyneuropathy 1   
Non-SLE control 22 21/1 48.0 ± 13.7
  1. *Two patients also presented mood disorder.