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Table 1 Amount of male fetal cells in renal biopsies from patients with lupus nephritis, pregnancy history and serum creatinine levels a

From: Fetal microchimerism in kidney biopsies of lupus nephritis patients may be associated with a beneficial effect

Characteristic LN group (n = 14) P-value
Time since birth of first male child (yr)   
 1 to 15 (n = 5) 9.25 ± 12.37 NS
 >15 (n = 9) 5.5 ± 9.6  
Time since SLE diagnosis (yr)   
 1 to 5 (n = 5) 10 ± 13.6 NS
 >5 (n = 9) 5.08 ± 8
Number of male pregnancies   
 1 (n = 0) 7.99 ± 10.75 NS
 >1 (n = 4) 3.7 ± 7.5
Serum creatinine (mg/dl)   
 ≤1.5 mg/dl (n = 10) 9.5 ± 11.2 0.026
 >1.5 mg/dl (n = 3) 0.12 ± 0.2
  1. aLN, Lupus nephritis; NS, Not significant; SLE, Systemic lupus erythematosus. Data are given as mean ± standard deviation.