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Table 5 Gardening exposures in cases and controls

From: Association between environmental exposures and granulomatosis with polyangiitis in Canterbury, New Zealand

  GPA Controls OR (95 % CI) p value
Gardening 41 (83.7) 140 (71.4) 2.40 (0.98–5.85) 0.054
 Digging 23 (46.9 %) 54 (27.6 %) 3.22 (1.48–7.00) 0.003
 Pruning 22 (44.9 %) 66 (33.7 %) 1.84 (0.89–3.82) 0.101
 Mowing 29 (59.2 %) 80 (40.8 %) 2.76 (1.31–5.81) 0.008
 Planting 31 (63.3 %) 90 (45.9 %) 2.61 (1.22–5.57) 0.013
 Weeding 34 (69.4 %) 119 (60.7 %) 1.56 (0.76–3.21) 0.227
 Spraying 5 (10.2 %) 13 (6.6 %) 1.78 (0.53–5.99) 0.35
 Time spent gardening per month (hours) 22.7 ± 4.1 13.2 ± 2.0   0.037
  1. CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, GPA granulomatosis with polyangiitis