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Table 2 Changes in body composition, rheumatoid arthritis-related characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors at 3-month follow-up

From: The beneficial effects of Tai Chi exercise on endothelial function and arterial stiffness in elderly women with rheumatoid arthritis

  Tai Chi group (n = 29) Control group (n = 14) P
Anthropometric, mean ± SD
 ΔBMI, kg/m2 0.0 ± 0.63 −0.1 ± 1.52 0.530
 ΔWaist circumference, cm −0.2 ± 3.7 0.1 ± 4.0 0.537
RA characteristics, mean ± SD
 ΔSwollen joint count, 0 ~ 69 joints −0.6 ± 3.3 0.0 ± 1.7 0.834
 ΔTender joint count, 0 ~ 69 joints −2.5 ± 4.5 0.1 ± 3.0 0.107
 ΔDAS-28-ESR −0.4 ± 1.1 −0.0 ± 1.1 0.247
 ΔRAPID3 −2.2 ± 4.7 −1.0 ± 3.9 0.404
 ΔHAQ −0.13 ± 0.29 0.00 ± 0.20 0.274
 ΔESR 2.0 ± 18.0 −1.1 ± 12.4 0.569
 ΔCRP 0.2 ± 0.8 0.1 ± 0.6 0.399
CVD, mean ± SD
 ΔSystolic BP, mm Hg −0.9 ± 10.5 1.8 ± 14.4 0.496
 ΔDiastolic BP, mm Hg 0.2 ± 6.8 −0.1 ± 6.3 0.910
 ΔHeart rate 1.3 ± 4.9 3.4 ± 4.4 0.238
 ΔTotal cholesterol, mg/dl −7.8 ± 15.5 2.9 ± 12.2 2.72 × 10−2
 ΔTriglycerides, mg/dl −2.48 ± 32.99 6.58 ± 36.18 0.078
 ΔHDL, mg/dl 6.91 ± 12.82 0.53 ± 8.73 0.053
 ΔLDL, mg/dl −9.2 ± 13.2 −4.8 ± 12.6 0.337
 ΔFasting glucose, mg/dl 2.3 ± 13.6 −5.6 ± 12.7 0.227
Atherosclerotic measurements, mean ± SD
 ΔcIMT, mm −0.02 ± 0.08 −0.02 ± 0.08 0.746
 ΔFMD, % 1.90 ± 2.00 −0.54 ± 2.49 1.76 × 10−3
 ΔbaPWV, cm/s −93.6 ± 152.2 52.6 ± 224.1 1.57 × 10−2
  1. Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation (SD). BMI body-mass index, DAS-28 disease activity score-28, ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate, CRP C-reactive protein, RAPID3 routine assessment of patient index data 3, HAQ Health Assessment Questionnaire, BP blood pressure, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, cIMT carotid intima-media thickness, FMD flow-mediated dilatation, baPWV brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity