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Table 2 Associations of IPFP hypointense signals with baseline knee cartilage defects and increases in knee cartilage defects over 2.6 years

From: Hypointense signals in the infrapatellar fat pad assessed by magnetic resonance imaging are associated with knee symptoms and structure in older adults: a cohort study

  Multivariablea Multivariableb
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Baseline cartilage defects
 Any cartilage defects 2.38 (1.87, 3.03) 2.24 (1.74, 2.87)
 Medial tibiofemoral 2.93 (2.24, 3.83) 2.70 (2.05, 3.54)
 Lateral tibiofemoral 2.62 (2.02, 3.42) 2.57 (1.95, 3.38)
 Patellar 1.84 (1.47, 2.31) 1.93 (1.50, 2.47)
Increase in knee cartilage defects
 Any cartilage defects 2.27 (1.61, 3.21) 2.08 (1.46, 2.97)
 Medial tibiofemoral 1.62 (1.21, 2.19) 1.55 (1.15, 2.09)
 Lateral tibiofemoral 1.46 (1.09, 1.96) 1.39 (1.03, 1.88)
 Patellar 1.38 (1.00, 1.90) 1.36 (0.99, 1.88)
  1. Dependent variables: baseline cartilage defects or increases in knee cartilage defects (yes v no); independent variables: IPFP hypointense signals (per grade)
  2. IPFP infrapatellar fat pat
  3. aAdjusted for age, sex, BMI, and radiographic osteoarthritis
  4. bFurther adjustment for bone marrow lesions