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Table 3 Manifestation of involved vessels in Takayasu’s arteritis patients from different geographic areas

From: The clinical characteristics of Chinese Takayasu’s arteritis patients: a retrospective study of 411 patients over 24 years

Arteries This study (n = 411) Mwipatayi et al. [12] (n = 272) Lee et al. [22] (n = 204) Schmidt et al. [21] (n = 126) Vanoli et al. [24] (n = 104) Arnaud et al. [23] (n = 82) Freitas et al. [20] (n = 52)
Left Right Left Right Left Right Left Right Left Right
Subclavian artery 328 (79.8%) ND 67.1% 55.2% 66.3% 41.0% 65.6% 52.5% 68.3% 50.0% 60.6% 40.4%
 Stenosis 232 (56.4%) ND 26.0% 24.6% 43.3% 36.2% 42.6% 29.5% ND 25.0% 26.9%
 Occlusion 130 (31.6%) ND 34.8% 14.3% 29.8% 4.8% 23.0% 23.0% ND 25.0% 5.8%
 Dilatation 11 (2.7%) ND 0.5% 4.4% ND ND 0 0 ND 0 5.8%
 Aneurysm 5 (1.2%) ND 0 1.0% 1.6% 0 ND 1.9% 1.9%
Carotid artery 325 (79.1%) 83 (30.5%) 72.1%f 63.7%f 50.9% 41.7% 44.3% 36.1% 59.8%f 52.4%f 57.3% 40.4%
 Stenosis/occlusion 260 (63.3%) 59 (21.7%) ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
 Stenosis 241 (58.6%) ND 33.3%f 32.3%f 41.7% 37.0% 37.7% 23.0% ND 30.8% 23.1%
 Occlusion 102 (24.8%) ND 21.1%f 9.8%f 10.2% 5.6% 4.9% 6.6% ND 9.6% 9.6%
 Dilatation 16 (3.9%) ND 1.0%f 1.5%f ND ND 0 3.3% ND 1.9% 0
 Aneurysm 2 (0.5%) 17 (6.3%) 0.9% 0.9% 1.6% 3.3% ND 5.8% 1.9%
 Aneurysm and stenosis/occlusion 1 (0.2%) 7 (2.6%) ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
Renal artery 201 (48.9%) ND 32.2% 31.7% 18.7% 20.9% 34.4% 29.5% 14.6% 15.9% 34.6% 36.5%
 Stenosis 182 (44.3%) ND 25.2% 25.2% 16.5% 19.8% 31.2% 23.0% ND 15.4% 25.0%
 Occlusion 43 (10.5%) ND 6.0% 4.5% 4.4% 2.2% 3.3% 6.6% ND 9.6% 3.8%
 Dilatation 6 (1.5%) ND 0 0 ND ND 0 0 ND 0 0
 Aneurysm 2 (0.5%) ND 0 0 0 0 0 0 ND 0 0
Abdominal aorta 158 (38.4%) 186 (68.4%) 63.2% 23.7%c 27.4%d 39.3% 43.9% 63.5%
 Stenosis/occlusion 140 (34.1%) 115 (42.3%) ND ND ND ND ND ND
 Stenosis 134 (32.6%) ND 38.3% 20.4%c 25.3%d 29.5% ND 26.9%
 Occlusion 12 (2.9%) ND 4.0% 1.1%c 2.1%d 6.6% ND 1.9%
 Aneurysm 6 (1.4%) 41 (15.1%) 6.0% 2.2%c 1.1%d 3.3% ND 7.7%
 Dilatation 0 ND ND ND ND ND 11.5%
 Aneurysm and stenosis/occlusion 4 (1.0%) 30 (11.0%) ND ND ND ND ND ND
Vertebral artery 118 (28.7%) ND ND 18.5% 13.0% 13.3% 11.7% 28.0% 15.9% 25.0% 11.5%
 Stenosis 82 (20.0%) ND ND 15.7% 9.3% 8.3% 8.3% ND 13.5% 5.8%
 Occlusion 46 (11.2%) ND ND 2.8% 3.7% 5.0% 1.7% ND 3.8% 5.8%
 Dilatation 10 (2.4%) ND ND ND ND 0 1.7% ND 1.9% 0
 Aneurysm 1 (0.2%) ND ND 0 0 0 0 ND 0 0
Mesenteric artery 116 (29.7%) 101 (37.1%) 22.8%a 3.5%b 24.7%a 6.9%b 31.6%a 9.4%b ND 28.8%a 3.8%b
 Stenosis/occlusion 116 (29.7%) 92 (33.8%) ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND ND
 Stenosis 90 (21.9%) ND 14.4%a 0.5%b 18.0%a 2.3%b 24.6%a 5.7%b ND 15.4%a 3.8%b
 Occlusion 33 (8.0%) ND 5.9%a 2.0%b 6.7%a 4.6%b 7.0%a 1.9%b ND 11.5%a 0b
 Dilatation 1 (0.2%) ND 1.0%a 1.0%b ND ND 0a 1.9%b ND 0a 0b
 Aneurysm 0 9 (3.3%) 0a 0b 0a 0b ND 0a 0b
Thoracic aorta 86 (17.5%) 158 (58.1%) 57.2% 19.1% 11.1% 40.2% 34.6%
 Stenosis/occlusion 72 (17.5%) 98 (36.0%) ND 18.2% ND ND ND
 Stenosis 72 (17.5%) ND 22.9% 18.2% 7.4% ND 9.6%
 Occlusion 0 ND 0 0 0 ND 0
 Dilatation 14 (3.4%) ND 3.0% ND 1.9% ND 9.6%
 Aneurysm 2 (0.5%) 38 (14.0%) 0.9% 1.9% ND 3.8%
 Aneurysm and stenosis/occlusion 1 (0.2%) 22 (8.1%) ND ND ND ND ND
Innominate artery 81 (19.7%) 43 (10.5%) 46.8% 25.5% 8.8% 28.0% 25.0%
 Stenosis/occlusion 74 (18.0%) 22 (8.1%) ND ND ND ND ND
 Stenosis 61 (14.8%) ND 16.3% 18.9% 8.8% ND 11.5%
 Occlusion 16 (3.9%) ND 3.0% 6.6% 0 ND 1.9%
 Dilatation 8 (1.9%) ND 4.0% ND 1.8% ND 7.7%
 Aneurysm 1 (0.2%) 16 (5.9%) 0.9% 0 ND 1.9%
 Aneurysm and stenosis/occlusion 0 5 (1.8%) ND ND ND ND ND
Iliacofemoral artery 65 (15.8%) 74 (27.2%) 13.3%g 14.8%g 13.5%g 13.5%g 19.7%g 18.9%g 12.2%g 18.3%g 23.1%g 23.1%g
 Stenosis 43 (10.5%) ND 6.9%g 8.9%g 10.1%g 10.1%g 9.8%g 6.6%g ND 11.5%g 9.6%g
 Occlusion 18 (4.4%) ND 4.9%g 3.4%g 4.5%g 2.2%g 8.2%g 9.8%g ND 5.8%g 5.8%g
 Dilatation 0 ND 0.5%g 0g ND ND 1.6%g 1.6%g ND 0g 0g
 Aneurysm 4 (1.0%) ND 0g 2.2%g 0g 0g ND 0g 0g
Ascending aorta 39 (9.5%) 65 (23.9%) 47.8% 9.1% ND ND 30.8%
 Stenosis 3 (0.7%) 15 (5.5%) 0 2.7% ND ND 1.9%
 Dilatation 37 (9.0%) ND 25.4% ND ND ND 19.2%
 Aneurysm 2 (0.5%) 43 (15.8%) 6.4% ND ND 3.8%
 Aneurysm and stenosis 1 (0.2%) 7 (2.6%) ND ND ND ND ND
Aortic arch 32 (7.8%) 90 (33.1%) 37.9% 4.5% 10.3% 37.8% 19.2%
 Stenosis 25 (6.1%) 45 (16.5%) 0.5% 2.7% 5.2% ND 1.9%
 Dilatation 7 (1.7%) ND 3.4% ND 5.2% ND 9.6%
 Aneurysm 1 (0.2%) 36 (13.2%) 1.8% 0 ND 1.9%
 Aneurysm and stenosis 0 9 (3.3%) ND ND ND ND ND
Pulmonary artery 31/45e (68.9%) 24 (8.8%) 13.4% 6/18e (33.3%) ND ND ND
 Stenosis/occlusion 26/45e (57.8%) 13 (4.8%) ND ND ND ND ND
 Stenosis 17/45e (37.8%) ND 4.0% 6/18e (33.3%) ND ND ND
 Occlusion 14/45e (31.1%) ND 2.0% 2/18e (11.1%) ND ND ND
 Dilatation 1/45e (2.2%) ND 2.0% ND ND ND ND
 Aneurysm 0 6 (2.2%) 0 ND ND ND
 Aneurysm and stenosis/occlusion 0 5 (1.8%) ND ND ND ND ND
Coronary artery 15/42e (35.7%) ND 31/49e (63.3%) 4/18e (22.2%) ND ND ND
 Stenosis 14/42e (33.3%) ND 26/49e (53.1%) 4/18e (22.2%) ND ND ND
 Occlusion 4/42e (9.5%) ND 2/49e (4.1%) 1/18e (5.6%) ND ND ND
 Dilatation 0 ND 3/49e (6.1%) ND ND ND ND
 Aneurysm 0 ND 0 ND ND ND
  1. aSuperior mesenteric artery
  2. bInferior mesenteric artery
  3. cSuprarenal aorta
  4. dInfrarenal aorta
  5. eActually detected
  6. fCommon carotid artery
  7. giliac artery
  8. ND no data