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Table 3 Association of individual sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and gross domestic product (GDP) with absenteeism and presenteeism

From: Large country differences in work outcomes in patients with RA – an analysis in the multinational study COMORA

  Absenteeism
OR (95% CI)
Presenteeism
OR (95% CI)
Age (years) 0.99 (0.97; 1.01) 0.99 (0.98; 1.01)
Gender (female vs. male) 0.87 (0.59; 1.29) 0.94 (0.69; 1.29)
mHAQ (0–3) 2.80 (2.02; 3.88) 5.01 (3.60; 6.98)
DAS28 1.25 (1.10; 1.42) 1.63 (1.46; 1.82)
Rheumatic Disease Comorbidity Index (0–8) 1.44 (1.25; 1.68) -
GDP (low vs. high GDP) 2.85 (1.98; 4.09) 0.49 (0.35; 0.69)
  1. Results of ordinal logistic regression modeling (odds of being in a higher absenteeism or presenteeism group). Absenteeism categories: 1 = 0%; 2 = > 0% to < 100; 3 = 100%. Presenteeism categories: 1 = 0%; 2 = > 0% to 30%; 3 = > 30% to 50%; 4 = > 50–100%
  2. Abbreviations OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, mHAQ modified Health Assessment Questionnaire, DAS28 28-joint Disease Activity Scale