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Table 3 Physiological and quality of life outcomes

From: The effects of upper and lower limb exercise on the microvascular reactivity in limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis patients

  ACE (n = 10) CE (n = 10) Control (n = 11)
  Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post
ACh CVC 0.14 ± 0.06 0.19 ± 0.08 0.20 ± 0.11 0.26 ± 0.1 0.20 ± 0.08 0.15 ± 0.08
ACh CVCmax 1.28 ± 0.78 1.56 ± 0.88* 1.49 ± 0.99 1.26 ± 0.52 1.40 ± 0.78 0.82 ± 0.47
ACh Tmax (sec) 159.4 ± 83 104.1 ± 71.8 172 ± 57.9 119.4 ± 82.9 127.9 ± 51.1 149.9 ± 70.3
SNP CVC 0.15 ± 0.08 0.24 ± 0.14 0.21 ± 0.11 0.25 ± 0.08 0.20 ± 0.09 0.20 ± 0.1
SNP CVCmax 1.73 ± 2.01 1.88 ± 1.52 1.61 ± 1.21 2.38 ± 1.8 1.70 ± 1.3 1.40 ± 0.56
SNP Tmax (sec) 161.2 ± 88.5 131.3 ± 77.5 167.4 ± 66.3 138.8 ± 80.5 165.5 ± 56.5 166.9 ± 76.4
ΔTcpO2 2.5 ± 4.0 9.2 ± 12.1 1.56 ± 4.8 1.56 ± 9.5 1.39 ± 3.4 0.89 ± 2.6
ΔTcpO2max 11.5 ± 3.9 18.4 ± 16.5 11.7 ± 3.6 13.6 ± 9.6 9.44 ± 7.7 8.0 ± 7.0
V̇O2peak (ml kg− 1 min− 1) 17.7 ± 4.7 21.9 ± 7.1* 14.6 ± 2.9 18.5 ± 2.8* 14.3 ± 6.9 14.7 ± 6.2
Life satisfaction 6.5 ± 1.6 8.1 ± 1.7*** 8.4 ± 1.4* 8.8 ± 1.1*** 7.5 ± 1.6 4.9 ± 1.5
Mobility 2.4 ± 1.0 2.3 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.9 1.7 ± 1.0 1.9 ± 0.9 2.3 ± 1.2
Self-care 1.1 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.4 1.0 ± 0.0 1.4 ± 0.9 1.7 ± 1.4
Usual activity 2.3 ± 1.3 1.9 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 1.0 1.6 ± 0.7 1.8 ± 1.0 2.4 ± 1.2
Pain/ discomfort 2.4 ± 1.0 2.3 ± 1.1 2.8 ± 1.1 1.8 ± 0.9 2.4 ± 0.7 2.8 ± 1.2
Anxiety/ depression 1.7 ± 0.8 1.5 ± 0.7 1.6 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.4 1.6 ± 0.7 1.9 ± 1.4
Raynaud’s pain 2.4 ± 1.4 1.8 ± 0.6* 2.6 ± 1.5 1.9 ± 1.2* 2.4 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 1.1
  1. Endothelial function presented as cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC). Tmax is the time taken to reach peak perfusion. *p < 0.05 and ***p < 0.000 compared to the other groups
  2. ACE arm crank ergometer, SNP sodium nitroprusside, ΔTcpO 2 transcutaneous oxygen tension V̇O 2peak peak oxygen uptake