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Table 2 Baseline characteristics and comorbidities among participants in MPP stratified by sex and SU levels

From: The risk of clinically diagnosed gout by serum urate levels: results from 30 years follow-up of the Malmö Preventive Project cohort in southern Sweden

  SU at baseline (μmol/L) (n of persons) Age at baseline (years) BMI (kg/m2) Systolic blood pressure (pts not treated for hypertension # (mmHg) eGFR (ml/min/1.73m2) s-cholesterol (mmol/L) s-triglycerides (mmol/L) Hypertension n (%) Sibling with hypertension; n (%) CVD
n (%)
DM
n (%)
Kidney stone attacks ever; n (%) Mm-MAST ≥ 2*§; n (%) ESR (mm/h) Smoking at baseline (n, %)
Men
n = 22,433
Men with available SU at baseline
≤360
n = 16,824
43.6 (6.5) 24.2 (3.1) 129 (15.5) 80.0 (10.3) 5.6 (1.1) 1.4 (0.8) 2287 (13.6) 739 (4.4) 306 (1.8) 398 (2.4) 1461 (8.7) 4858 (28.9) 5.7 (6.0) 8688 (51.6)
361–405
n = 3353
43.8 (6.6) 25.7 (3.3) 132 (16.2) 77.0 (10.5) 5.7 (1.2) 1.7(1.2) 712 (21.2) 181 (5.4) 83 (2.5) 90 (2.7) 305 (9.1) 1181(35.2) 5.7 (5.4) 1463 (43.6)
> 405
n = 2191
44.5 (7.0) 26.9 (3.7) 134(16.6) 75.7 (11.0 5.8 (1.1) 2.1 (1.8) 662 (30.2) 177 (8.1) 84 (3.8) 86 (3.9) 203 (10.6) 867 (39.6) 6.4 (6.6) 861 (39.3)
Women n = 10,902 Women with available SU at baseline
≤360
n = 10,357
49.5 (7.5) 24.2 (4.0) 126 (17.6) 75.9 (10.8) 5.8 (1.1) 1.1 (0.5) 2130 (20.6) 1323 (12.8) 326 (3.1) 209 (2) 675 (6.5) 299 (2.9) 9.7 (7.5) 3636 (35.1)
361–405
n = 327
53 (4.8) 29.0 (5.6) 136 (20.0) 70.2 (10.1) 6.4 (1.1) 1.7 (0.4) 173 (52.9) 56 (17.1) 23 (7.0) 27 (8.3) 33 (10.1) ** 13.4 (9.8) 105 (32.1)
> 405
n = 164
53.1(4.6) 29.3 (5.3) 137 (18.2) 67.9 (14.6) 6.4 (1.1) 1.9 (1.1) 81 (49.4) 33 (20.1) 15 (9.1) 16 (9.8) 15 (9.1) ** 14.5(9.3) 53 (32.3)
  1. *Mm-MAST = Malmö modified brief Michigan Alcohol Screening Test
  2. **Calculations were not performed due to few observations
  3. #Number of subjects with missing information were in different groups of SU were in men 13/2/2 and in women 434/11/5
  4. §Number of subjects with missing information were in different groups of SU were in men 2521/314/201
  5. MPP Malmö Preventive Project, SU serum urate, BMI body mass index, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, CVD cardiovascular disease, DM diabetes mellitus, Mm-MAST Malmö-modified brief Michigan Alcohol Screening Test, ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate