Skip to main content

Table 3 Effect of a resistance exercise on inflammatory cytokines and adipokines

From: Effect of resistance exercise on serum leptin levels in a prospective longitudinal study of women patients with rheumatoid arthritis

  Exercise group Control group Wald Χ2 P (group-time interaction)
IL-1, pg/ml
 Baseline 1.7± 0.1 7.3 ± 3.0   
 Change at 3 months 1.8 ± 0.2 6.7 ± 2.4 2.095 0.148
IL-6, pg/ml
 Baseline 3.3 ± 0.5 5.6 ± 2.8   
 Change at 3 months 4.5 ± 1.1 7.7 ± 3.3 0.044 0.835
TNF alpha, pg/ml
 Baseline 3.6 ± 0.5 2.8 ± 0.2 0.020 0.886
 Change at 3 months 3.7 ± 0.8 2.9 ± 0.2   
Leptin, ng/ml
 Baseline 174.3 ± 25.8 123.6 ± 20.0   
 Change at 3 months 119.3 ± 15.0* 124.8 ± 24.7 16.367 5.22×10−5
Adiponectin, ug/ml
 Baseline 1.8 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.3   
 Change at 3 months 1.9 ± 0.4 1.7 ± 0.2 0.303 0.531
  1. Values are presented as means ±SE
  2. P values are for the interaction between groups over time (from baseline to 3 months) as calculated with the use of the generalized estimating equation (with baseline DAS28-CRP as a covariate)
  3. Abbreviations: IL interleukin, TNF tumor necrosis factor
  4. *Significant difference to baseline p<0.05 (repeated measures ANOVA)