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Arthritis Research & Therapy

Open Access

Clinical response to belimumab in academic clinical practices

  • Arthi Reddy1,
  • XiaoQing Li2,
  • Jill P Buyon1,
  • Andrew G Franks1,
  • Richard A Furie3,
  • Diane L Kamen4,
  • Susan Manzi5,
  • Michelle Petri6,
  • Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman7,
  • Chung-E Tseng1,
  • Ronald F van Vollenhoven8,
  • Daniel J Wallace9 and
  • Anca D Askanase2Email author
Arthritis Research & Therapy201416(Suppl 1):A49

Published: 18 September 2014


ArthritisSystemic Lupus ErythematosusMethotrexateClinical ResponseNephritis


Belimumab is a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits soluble B-lymphocyte stimulator and improves systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease activity. This study was initiated to evaluate the use and efficacy of belimumab in academic SLE clinical practices.


An invitation to participate was sent to 16 physicians experienced in SLE phase III clinical trials. All agreeing to participate completed a one-page questionnaire for each patient prescribed belimumab that includes demographic and SLE characteristics, and information about belimumab administration. The questionnaire completed every 3 months by the physicians also captured clinical responses and belimumab safety. Clinical response was defined as a ≥50% improvement in the initial clinical manifestation being treated without worsening in other organ systems.


Of 16 invitations sent, nine investigators participated. Questionnaires on 150 patients treated with belimumab for at least 3 months were available for analysis. The mean age was 41.9 ± 12.6 years. 92.0% were female, 67.1% White, 24.7% Black, 5.7% Asian, and 5.3% Hispanic. The average SLE disease duration was 12.2 ± 8.2 years. Concomitant medications included: prednisone in 73.3% (mean dose of 12.2 ± 10.9, 41.7% on ≥10 mg), antimalarials in 71.7%, and immunosuppressants in 66.3% (mycophenolate mofetil 34.2%, azathioprine 20.3%, methotrexate 11.8%). Only 3.7% of patients were not on any background SLE medications, 8.0% were on antimalarials alone. The dominant clinical manifestations driving treatment were arthritis in 69.5%, rash in 44.4%, and inability to taper steroids in 27.3%. Other SLE manifestations were serositis 16.0%, hematological 13.9%, and renal 10.7%. A total 65.2% of patients had ≥2 active manifestations. Of the 150 patients on belimumab for at least 3 months, 69 (46.0%) clinically responded by 3 months with marked improvement in arthritis and/or rash. Similarly, of the 112 patients on belimumab for at least 6 months for whom follow-up data were available, 54 (48.2%) clinically responded with improvements in arthritis, rash and/or nephritis. While the numbers are limited, black patients showed improvement at 6 months, with 19/26 (73%) of patients responding, P = 0.05.


These observational data support the use of belimumab across all racial/ethnic groups and efficacy similar to that reported in the phase III trials. Relevant to physician and patient decision-making, improvement was seen as early as 3 months.

Authors’ Affiliations

New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, USA
Columbia University Medical Center, New York, USA
Hofstra North Shore-Long Island Jewish School of Medicine, Great Neck, USA
Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA
Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA


© Reddy et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.