Antirheumatic effects of humanized anti-Fas monoclonal antibody in human rheumatoid arthritis/SCID mouse chimera
© The Author(s) 2003
Published: 12 September 2003
Anti-Fas monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are considered a potential therapeutic agent for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, Fas-mediated liver and chondrocyte damage is a serious problem in its clinical application. m-HFE7A, a novel anti-Fas mAb, selectively induces apoptosis in inflammatory cells. We succeeded in humanizing m-HFE7A to obtain h-HFE7A. We investigated the therapeutic effects of h-HFE7A mAb in RA.
We investigated the apoptosis-inducing activities of h-HFE7A on human Fas ligand transfected cells and cultured human activated lymphocytes (human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and isolated human RA synovial lymphocytes), synoviocytes, and chondrocytes. We then examined the effects of h-HFE7A mAb in vivo using SCID-HuRAg mice implanted with human RA tissue.
Administration of h-HFE7A mAb alone did not induce apoptosis in cultured human Fas ligand transfected cells and activated lymphocytes. However, apoptosis-inducing activities were noted by this mAb crosslinking with a secondary antibody or Fcγ receptor-positive cells. In contrast, no apoptosis induction by h-HFE7A was observed on cultured synoviocytes and chondrocytes with or without crosslinking. Thus, the crosslinking with Fcγ receptor-positive cells is essential for the efficacy of this mAb in vivo. In the implanted tissue of the SCID-HuRAg mice, the number of inflammatory cells was significantly decreased in the h-HFE7A mAb-treated group compared with the IgG-treated control group. Moreover, there were only negligible effects in synoviocytes and chondrocytes with the h-HFE7A mAb.
Administration of this novel humanized anti-Fas mAb may provide a new treatment for RA by inducing Fas-mediated apoptosis in inflammatory cells.