Postnatal Syk deletion in mice clarifies the function of Syk in an anti-collagen antibody-induced arthritis model
Arthritis Research & Therapy volume 14, Article number: O22 (2012)
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is a cytoplasmic protein expressed mainly in immune cells including macrophages and neutrophils and is associated with receptors containing an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM), such as Fcγ receptors. As Syk-mediated signaling plays an important role in activation of immune responses, to investigate whether specific interruption of Syk-mediated signaling can affect the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we used tamoxifen-induced conditional Syk-KO mice (iSyk KO) to evaluate the importance of Syk on disease development. Using a collagen antibody-induced arthritis model (CAIA), iSyk KO mice showed significantly attenuated disease severity compared to Syk non-deleted mice (Figure 1). Although iSyk KO mice contained reduced B cell numbers after deletion of Syk in adulthood, B cells are not required for arthritis development in CAIA, as demonstrated by using muMT mice which lack B cells. On the other hand, Syk-deficient macrophages produced less MCP-1 and IL-6 than Syk-sufficient cells after FcR ligation, which can account for the absence of a pronounced accumulation of neutrophils and macrophages in the joints of iSyk KO mice. Our results demonstrate that Syk in macrophages is likely a key player in antibody-induced arthritis, mediating the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines after macrophages bind anti-collagen antibody, and indicate that Syk is a promising target for arthritis therapy.
About this article
Cite this article
Ozaki, N., Suzuki, S., Hara, H. et al. Postnatal Syk deletion in mice clarifies the function of Syk in an anti-collagen antibody-induced arthritis model. Arthritis Res Ther 14 (Suppl 1), O22 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/ar3577